Turf guide

There are 10 good reasons why having a lawn is beneficial for you, your family and the environment.

1. It's environmentally friendly:Lawns reduce storm water run off and control soil erosion. A lawn also assists the decomposition of pollutants and helps restore soil quality.

2. Standing on grass can reduce stress: In experiments it has been shown that standing barefoot on grass can trigger a reduction in the signs of stress. Heart rate and blood pressure have been shown to fall as has electrical skin resistance showing a reduction in stress levels.

3. A lawn is an oxygen machine: A lawn 250 square metres in size can absorb carbon dioxide from the air and produce enough oxygen for a family of four to breathe. A lawn will draw pollutants from the air, increasing the carbon benefit.

4. The only choice for fun, enjoyment and reward: Not only is a grass surface one of the lowest cost surfaces for you and your family to enjoy it is one of the safest. It needs no explaining the difference between taking a fall on grass compared to a tarmac or stone surface. Looking after and maintaining a beautiful lawn is also a rewarding experience and past time. The results speak for themselves and are there for all to see, from friends and neighbours to you and your family.

5. A self cleaning surface: A lawn can actually clean itself by taking in garden debris and organic matter. When was the last time you saw the neighbours washing down the lawn?

6. The smell of freshly cut grass: Time and time again the smell of freshly cut grass in spring tops the lists of the most pleasant and comforting smells.

7. Adding value to a property: It is known that a well maintained lawn and landscaped garden significantly adds roadside appeal and value to a property.

8. Natures filter: Not only does a lawn trap and filter dust and dirt from the air it also can reduce pollution by purifying the water passing through its root zone.

9. We are programmed to enjoy it: It is believed that standing barefoot on grass is a multi-sensory experience. It triggers deeply rooted associations with the smell and sound of nature and the vision of dense greenery. These associations are probably evolutionary and are hard-wired into our nervous systems.

10. It's cool: Another benefit that everyone can enjoy from a lawn is its tremendous cooling effect. On a hot summers day a lawns surface can be at least 30 degrees cooler than that of tarmac.

Preparation & laying

Rolawn turf can be laid all year round, however frosty conditions should be avoided and laying turf in extended periods of hot and dry weather will require additional care and attention.

Removing an existing lawn
Using a proprietary non selective weed killer recommended for killing grasses, treat the existing lawn at the stated application rate. This will help prevent the weeds and weed grasses from your old lawn coming up through your new turf. Remove the existing lawn using a turf cutter, which are available from all reputable hire shops.

Determined the required quantity
Measure the length and width of the area to be turfed, multiply one by the other to give you the amount of rolls required. Measuring in metres is easiest as each standard roll of Rolawn turf covers 1m². Then add 5% for shaping.

Topsoil you can trust
Ensuring you have high quality topsoil is essential as it will provide early establishment and development of turf. The soil should be turned over and free from surface stone, other debris and perennial weeds. Digging over or rotovating the existing soil is important to break up any compaction, ideally to a minimum depth of 150mm (6").

Rolawn Turf & Lawn Seeding Topsoil is a free flowing friable topsoil, hence is easy to spread, even when moist. It is blended with Rolawn GroRight® Lawn Establishment Fertiliser to help ensure a lawn gets the best possible start.

Rolawn Turf & Lawn Seeding Topsoil provides the ideal base on which to lay turf. Alternatively Rolawn Soil Improver can be used to enhance existing soil.

Lawn establishment fertiliser
After digging, walk to and fro using small steps over the whole area to firm down the loose soil. If not using Rolawn Turf & Lawn Seeding Topsoil as a base, apply Rolawn GroRight® Lawn Establishment Fertiliser to the soil to give your turf the best possible start by incorporating it into the top 25mm (1") of soil. Rake to a fine tilth to create a consistent level surface to ensure contact between turf and soil. Two days before your turf arrives, ensure soil is moist to a depth of 75mm (3").

Laying Rolawn turf

Only a few tools are needed to lay your Rolawn turf: a wheelbarrow, a rake, a long knife and a spade, some scaffolding planks plus a means of thoroughly watering the turf.

Turf must be rolled out immediately in spring/summer and within 24 hours in autumn/winter.

Start laying turves preferably along a straight edge, butting closely end to end. On subsequent rows stagger the joints in brickwork fashion. For circular lawns start in the middle and work your way out.

To ensure the prepared soil remains level, work from planks placed on your newly laid turf. Lightly press down the turves to ensure firm contact between the soil and the underside of each turf. The head of a rake held vertically and pressed against the turf is ideal. Never use a roller on freshly laid turf.

In hot weather try to start watering areas laid first prior to completing the whole area, to prevent it from drying out. Always push the turf into joints. Never stretch the turves by pulling them. Any remaining cracks can be filled with a light soil (Rolawn Turf & Lawn Seeding Topsoil is ideal) and pressed down.

Trim the ends of the turf with a long knife to shape around any trees, paths and beds. Finally, where the outer edges of the new turf are exposed, cover with a light soil to prevent them from drying out.

Establishment & seeding

Immediately after laying - water
Watering your new Rolawn turf is the single most important step you need to take to establish a beautiful and healthy lawn.

  • Start watering on the day turf is laid. On hot days, you may need to commence watering large lawns prior to laying all the turf.
  • Ensure that the new lawn is never short of water. Lift corners of the turf to check water has percolated through to the underlying soil.
  • Water repeatedly until the turf is well established.
  • If rainfall is experienced you still need to check that the lawn is receiving sufficient water.
  • It is best to water turf in the early morning or during the evening so that less water is lost to evaporation.
  • Once established, occasional watering during dry periods should be adequate.

Soon after laying - mow
Be prepared to mow your new lawn as soon as it needs it, provided this can be done without disturbing the turf. If turf is dislodged, replace it and allow the turf more time to establish before recommencing mowing.

  • Don't delay. Most people allow turf to get too long. Mowing encourages establishment, although this should be the only traffic in the first few weeks.
  • Never remove more than one third of the grass blade length.
  • Alternate the direction in which you mow your lawn.
  • Clippings do not have to be collected if they are minimal, provided sunlight is reaching the blades of grass. Clippings in small amounts return nutrients to the soil, encouraging a healthy lawn.

Seed it
Medallion® Premium Lawn Seed is the same seed used to produce Medallion® turf. It is a blend of the most advanced cultivars available, selected to create a healthy, green and hard wearing lawn.

When to seed/overseed
The ideal times to seed a lawn are spring and autumn, with germination taking 7 to 21 days dependent on growing conditions.

For new lawns prepare your soil the same as for laying turf. Apply seed evenly over the area at a rate of approximately 35g/m². It is preferable to apply the seed in a number of passes to ensure an even spread.

Lightly rake the seed into the top 12-25mm (½" - 1") of soil, firm down and water well. Keep slightly moist until grass plants have established. Please note when seeding a new lawn, weeds need to be controlled and removed.

Basic maintenance

Feeding - It is vital your lawn receives sufficient nutrients. Spring and autumn formulations are ideal to provide a balanced feeding programme.

Dealing with moss - If you have moss in your lawn you will need to scarify it out to allow the grass plants to grow. Scarification also reduces the build up of thatch, which stops water and air penetrating through to the soil and prevents dense grass growth. Apply a moss-killer such as Rolawn GroRight® Lawn Fertiliser, Weed & Moss Killer.

Overseeding - Overseeding an established lawn is an essential part of annual lawn maintenance. It improves colour, helps fill in sparce or worn areas and gives your lawn a thicker, denser sward. Use a mix of Rolawn Medallion® Premium Lawn Seed and Lawn Topdressing brushed into the surface of the lawn.

Topdressing - Topdressing your lawn is vital to retain a level surface, improve drainage and control the build up of thatch. It will enhance a lawn's appearance by stimulating new grass growth and increasing tolerance to wear and tear. Use Rolawn Lawn Topdressing, it is a high quality, sand based, multi-purpose lawn dressing.

Aerating - Aerating helps to relieve compaction and assists with drainage. Use a garden fork or powered aerator in spring and autumn to spike your lawn, especially before applying a lawn fertiliser or topdressing.

Other maintenance procedures - Other aftercare procedures for controlling pests and diseases should be undertaken to maintain the quality of your lawn.

Frequently asked questions

Will my turf contain Annual Meadow Grass?
We make strenuous efforts to minimise the presence of Annual Meadow Grass (AMG) in our turf. However, we do not supply our turf as being guaranteed free from AMG and dependent on growing conditions and the time of year its presence can increase.

How should I remove toadstools from my turf?
When conditions are right for them, toadstools may appear in any turf, whether long established or recently laid. Generally they are harmless, but they should not be eaten. Remove by picking them off (wear gloves), however if they are too numerous they can be mown off with a box on the lawn mower in order to collect them.

What should I do if my turf develops Fusarium?
Certain weather conditions can result in a fungal disease called Fusarium Patch occurring in both new and established lawns. This is not unusual, and, although unsightly, should not kill the turf. Sharp frosts will arrest its development and the lawn should recover during spring.

Seasonal lawn maintenance

January/February

  • Remove leaves and debris
  • Service mower and ensure blades are sharp
  • Stay off the lawn if frozen or waterlogged

March/April

  • Start mowing the lawn as warmer weather stimulates turf growth and increase the frequency of mowing as required
  • Apply Rolawn Lawn Topdressing
  • Remove by hand or spot treat coarse grasses and weeds
  • Scarify if your lawn is more than 12 months old
  • Feed with spring lawn food
  • Patch damaged lawn areas and edges with Rolawn turf or Rolawn lawn seed
  • Overseed if your lawn is more than 12 months old with Rolawn lawn seed

May/June

  • Increase mowing frequency, a little and often is the key
  • Aerate
  • Remove by hand or spot treat coarse grasses and weeds
  • Water if rainfall is low
  • Treat established lawns containing weeds and moss with Rolawn GroRight® Lawn Fertiliser, Weed & Moss Killer

July/August

  • Use water wisely, but to maintain colour in summer, more watering will probably be required. In times of drought your Rolawn lawn will go brown and dormant. It will recover when rainfall returns
  • Apply a Chafer Grub Killer and Leatherjacket Killer if required
  • Make arrangements for your lawn to be mown whilst you are on holiday

September/October

  • Gradually decrease mowing frequency as grass growth slows, raise the height of cut as winter approaches
  • Scarify if your lawn is more than 12 months old
  • Aerate
  • Feed with an autumn lawn food or treat established lawns containing weeds and moss with Rolawn GroRight® Lawn Fertiliser, Weed & Moss Killer
  • Repair damaged or worn areas with new Rolawn turf or lawn seed
  • Apply Rolawn Lawn Topdressing
  • Allow worm casts to dry before brushing with a stiff broom
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